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Traditional farmer v/s Modern farmer

April 27, 2022

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Agricultural systems in various parts of the world have evolved due to technological advances and increasing human knowledge. Agriculture in India is a livelihood for a majority of the population and can never be underestimated. It develops from primitive agriculture, traditional agriculture to modern agriculture.


India is considered to be the largest agricultural producer. India is also considered as the country of green revolution. In earlier times farming was considered a very hard work . Earlier farmers used to take more time to cultivate. In the present era of this technology, modern tools have come for farming. Farming using modern tools has now become easier.


The difference between the Traditional farmer and Modern farmer is shown below.

Traditional farmer

Traditional farming is inherited. Traditional farming can be defined as the primitive style of farming. This farming involves intensive use of traditional tools, natural resources, organic fertilizers and farmers' cultural beliefs.

5 Popular Traditional Farming Methods


Agroforestry


Agroforestry is considered to be one of the oldest methods of farming. In which trees are grown around the crop. According to experts, climate is an important factor that improves food security and crop productivity. It essentially plants and maintains trees that can protect crops by developing a microclimate.

Crop rotation


The practice of growing different crops across the same land in different seasons is called crop rotation. It has a lot of advantages. It helps preserve the soil productivity, reduce pests, minimize use of chemicals, maximize yields, and reduce reliance on one set of nutrients developing weeds. Cultivating the same crop in a large area of land referred to as monocropping leads to decline in soil quality and climate change. 


Intercropping


Sowing more than two crops at the same time is also known as intercropping. It also helps in  disinfecting the soil by increasing soil organic matter and restrain weed growth. Thus intercropping is based on a traditional method which is still popular today.


Poly culture


Poly culture is a method of growing many different types of plants in the same area. Polyculture is the opposite of monoculture. Polyculture has many advantages. The main advantage of polyculture is to control weeds, pests and diseases without the use of chemicals. Which helps in reducing the erosion process and increasing the stable yield. It improves soil quality.


Water harvesting


Water  harvesting  is considered to be one of the oldest methods of irrigation but also for obtaining water for personal use. Inherited water is stored in this method. Which is later used by farmers in times of drought or limited rainfall.

5 Popular Modern Farming Methods


Monoculture 


Monoculture technique is adopted when growing one kind of crop in a given land. In agriculture, monoculture is the practice of growing one crop species in a field at a time. The cultivation of land becomes easy. The reason behind is the land is tilted equally and the crops that are to be planted are of equal size. Farmers thus, focus on the Monoculture farming system. 


Intensive Tillage


To improve the soil aeration to increase the farm production, for this excessive tilling of land is done. Tillage is the agricultural preparation of soil by mechanical agitation of various types, such as digging, stirring, and overturning.  Human-powered tilling methods using hand tools include shoveling, picking, mattock work, hoeing, and raking. 


Chemical Pest Control


The most common method of pest control is the use of pesticides-chemicals that either kill pests or inhibit their development. Pesticides are often classified according to the pest they are intended to control. In modern agriculture farming there is a high risk of organisms such as insects that eat plants, diseases that fail in higher growth of plants.


Irrigation Technologies  


Irrigation is an important factor in crop production. As well as the agricultural process of using a controlled amount of water on the land to grow landscape plants and lawns. To supply water to the fields at an appropriate level or row irrigation system helps in a better way. In modern farming some modern implements like sprinkler, drip system and pump help in proper irrigation system.


Tractors in modern farming

In modern farming people are now using tractors. Nowadays in this era  of technology it is used for mechanization of farm work like tractors are used for plowing. Modern tractors can be used for a variety of tasks, including shrubs, landscaping, moving or spreading manure, and lawn maintenance. In modern farming, people are now using tractors.


Tractors are available in a wide range of options to suit specific tasks and requirements. A smaller version of compact tractors, subcompact tractors have the power and versatility to perform a large range of gardening tasks including  mowing mulch ,mowing,  and tilling gardens.


Also known as diesel tractors, utility tractors are recommended for mechanizing complex farming tasks and come in different models with a horsepower range of 45 hp to 110hp.Unlike any other machine found in the agricultural sector, a tractor is something that can perform a wide range of operations. You can make use of a compact tractor for usual farming jobs to gardening tasks at an extreme ease.


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